If you’re looking at beginning a business in France, la france has made it easier à la foreign residents à pursue their entrepreneurial dreams.

If searching pour jobs in la france is not your choice et you space considering setting up a business in la france this article will provide amie with the guidance needed. According to thé Ernst & jeune G20 Entrepreneurship Barometer reporter 2013, it’s easier to start up entreprise in la france than most divers G20 countries: that cheaper, there room fewer steps, et it takes much less time. You can aller through toutes les personnes the procedures required à set up a petit to medium-sized business – even one ns up to 50 employees – in oui little as four et a half days.

Vous lisez ce: Centre de formalités des entreprises lille


Looking for année easy way venir track the finances of your nouveau company? Soldo can help. Their innovative programs assist bridge the espacer between banks et businesses, ensuring amie stay on top of toutes les personnes your jae a gagné with one, simple-to-use platform. Si you're setting up her own lentreprise in France, make sure you à faire it through Soldo par your side.

Find out more

The basics

If you want venir start a entreprise in France, you’ll need to have a residence permit or be an EU citizen. You peut être need qualifications or diplomas that français authorities recognize. Then you’ll need venir research the market, make budget forecasts et financial plans, et if vital look for funding. You’ll oui to pick your legal status et register her business. This guider explains an ext about setting up a entreprise in la france below.

Yes, there is a fair bit of administration – cible you have the right to submit your taxes declaration online,it’s free to set up a business, et handling auto paperwork is a good step à testing her French entreprises sense.

Are amie Looking for a travail in France? Find une Now

The informations given here offers a general overview only; tu should always importer professional advice indigenous a français accountant jaune financial expert when setup up her own entreprises in France.

French businesses: select a category

In France, businesses space in one of five various categories:

Commercial jaune industrial, such ont running a shop, le café or factory;Trades/artisan, i m sorry includes building trades, divers manual jobs, part manufacturing;Independent or freelance skilled – functioning independently et providing a service such oui a dentist, writer, interpreter, musician;Commercial agent, wherein you loi – negotiate or sell à la example – nous behalf of un autre company;Agricultural.

Each of these has its very own registration center (Centre ns Formalités des Entreprises or CFE) local to each department in France. You have to set up your entreprise through the appropriate CFE and advise them de any changes.

French entreprises legal structures

You oui to decide which frais of business structure – and tax program – suits her business. There are deux types de legal business structure in France:

a single trader (enterprise individuelle or EI);a company (société), such as année EURL, SARL, SA, et SAS.

What frais of legal de construction you pick depends nous what entreprise you want to start; check with thé Chambers of transaction or qui appartiennent professional body. Divers factors that affect your choice de legal de construction include whether tu want à be in sole charge of auto business, your turnover, si you ont personal assets you want à protect or si you want venir pay tax through income tax or coporation, groupe tax.

Sole trader

In this legit framework, you and the entreprise are une legal entity. Her professional et personal heritage merge, although elle can make a declaration of seizure to protect your home. Under this legitimate structure, you can collection up ont a micro-enterprise. This merges thé old auto-entrepreneur and micro-enterprise systems. Pour more information on micro-enterprise, check out our manuel on ending up being self-employed in France.

You can also opt to set up in business as année EIRL (Entrepreneur of Individual limited Liability) whereby your an individual assets room separate. In both cases, elle trade under your very own name although elle can take conditions météorologiques a entreprise or profession name.

If amie take nous EI status, you pay taxes through your an individual income tax return in auto category à la your business: industrial and commercial revenues (BIC) for traders and artisans, or Non-Commercial benefits (BNC) à la independent professionals. Si you opt à la EIRL status tu can choose à pay corporate tax.


If you choose à set increase a entreprise (société), it will be legally different from you. Your an individual assets are safeguarded from auto company’s creditors. However, you peut être be prosecuted si you use the company’s assets parce que le personal use. Your company must have its very own name, address, and a le minimum of assets. You loi on behalf de the company, not nous your very own behalf. You peut être be taxed under corporate taxation (IS) or the régime aux reel. Creating a lentreprise is not so straightforward ont it is pour a single trader. Ce involves recording your standing with auto tax office, appointment ns officers, et publishing legal notices in the press.

There space two henn types du company:

An EURL or entreprise Unipersonelle à Responsibilité Limitée is owned passant par a single person et run oui a limited liability simple shareholder company by a gérant (managing director/company secretary) who may or peut être not be auto owner de the business et salaried/non-salaried. A SARL jaune Société jusquà Responsibilité Limitée is a limited liability entreprise with between two et 100 partners. Liability à la both is limite to the capitale investment.

Regulated businesses

Some job in la france have strict regulations, consisting of accountants, vets, hairdressers, builders, and even alcohol dealers. Si your entreprise is one de these regulation professions, amie must register with thé appropriate organization. You peut faire need venir prove that you have the best qualifications, experience, et insurance liability avant you can work.

Find out if the entreprises you want to set increase is regulated right here via thé APCE website – seulement click conditions météorologiques the ideal letter de the alphabet venir find the sector you need.

Check your company name

You can check online et free of revendiqué whether thé name you want venir use parce que le your lentreprise is already in usage by de nouveau company with the académie National du la Propriété industrielle (INPI). Si you want à protect her own business name jaune logo amie must it is registered it as a trademark (dépôt de marque) with auto INPI; in caisse you don’t ­ – et someone else starts using thé same name or logo in the émergence – elle will ont no legal right to keep it.

When you create a website then examine that the name elle want is accessible through the AFNIC, the registry à la .fr domain names.

Financial assistance

French financial institutions must sell financial assistance to new businesses. These encompass a start-up loan Prêt à la Création d’Entreprise (PCE) parce que le up to EUR 7,000 or entreprises loan dubbed Prêts Bancaires aux Entreprises (PBE).

Voir plus: Prendre Un Rendez Vous Pole Emploi Haute, ‎Ma Formation

Check out thé website du your frais Régional à la information nous financial assistance et loans ont well ont business advice.

If tu are unemployed or about venir become unemployed, ce will be worth investigating two schemes: ACCRE et NACRE.

ACCRE uses financial faire un don to unemployed toutes les personnes who wish à start increase a business, with paying reduced société charges. Eligible people include those who room registered as unemployed with the government employment agency extrême Emploi, jaune are about to be fabriquer unemployed by a bankrupt or liquidated company. Si you collection up as an auto-entrepreneur, amie can get a lessened rate of charges for up to three years; si you do not, climate you ont to pay tous social charge once your annual income goes above €20,814 (2014 figures).

NACRE supplies interest-free loans and business advice. Uncover out an ext from your local Direccte (Directions régional des entreprises, du la concurrence, ns la consommation, du terrain et aux l’emploi).

If you want to apply à la funding pour your entreprise supported by the dérivation click here venir find ideal banks and venture capitalists in France.

How venir set increase your français business

The sapin step in setting up a entreprise is venir register it. Tous businesses need to register before they deserve to operate. You oui to à faire this through auto Centre aux Formalités des Entreprises jaune CFE) jaune online at www.guichet-entreprises.fr.

There are different CFE pour each belles of entreprise activity et you need to make your app through thé appropriate CFE. Amie can find your local offices v their websites. Pour example:

To uncover the exactement CFE for your joli of business, click conditions météorologiques this list.

Documentation necessary for entreprise registration

What document you need to register will differ depending on your joli of entreprises but peut être include:

Proof of address (EDF utility bill, rental agreement);Valid id (valid passport or national travel ID, residence card);Proof the your spouse understands liability.

Click here to create an online CFE file.

If amie are setup up a company you peut être need à deposit funds with a notary jaune bank, for example, breeze statutes parce que le the société (see this details at APCE), point out a CEO, and publish a notice ns incorporation in a legal gazette.

What happens at thé CFE

The CFE will certainly send procedure your application et send your documents to the appartenir à bodies. Depending conditions météorologiques the type et size of your business and whether elle will it is in taking nous employees, these peut être include:

National académie of Statistics et Economic apprendre (INSEE), which will register your lentreprise with auto national entreprises directory et allocate SIRET, SIREN and APE numbers (see below);Centre des Impôts (the taxes office);Registre ns Commerce und des Sociétés (RCS) – thé commercial court register;social security;labour bureau (Direction Departemental du action et aux L’emploi);health insurance money (Caisse regionale D’assurance Maladie);unemployment insurance, pension, employment bureau (Pole Emploi);Greffe ns Tribunal ns Commerce si you’re forming a company or your entreprise is commercial;Répertoire des Métiers you want to carry the end a trade or craft;the Caisses Socials et Inspection aux Travail si you’ll be employing others.

Business régner course

Depending nous your qualifications et experience, si you want venir set increase a business ont a tradesperson (artisan), you peut être be required à undertake training (Un stage de préparation jusquà l’installation jaune SPI), meetings jaune workshops in order to learn about different aspects du running your own business. Your spouse deserve to take the arttaserse too. There are similar optional courses available venir those setup up commercial and industrial businesses. These cours cost roughly €250 marqué you pouvez be able to get some assist with this – ask your Chamber ns Commerce.

SIREN, SIRET, et APE numbers

When elle register through your business, INSEE will sortir you with a unique, 9-digit délimite SIREN number. This official entreprise number is proof of your business registration. It’s provided by toutes les personnes government and official agencies when referring to your company.

Within about two weeks ns registration, you’ll receive année Extrait KBIS, include a 14-digit SIRET number. Auto SIRET alors refers venir each entreprise location you peut être have and consists de the SIREN number reconnaissance a 5-digit establishment ID number. Si you want venir find out an ext about her competitors, an essential in your competitors’ SIREN numbers here to discover as soon as they set up their business, comment many employee they ont and, si they’re a limite company, financial information such as turnover, profit et loss – could be useful!

You will additionally have année APE (Activite Principale aux l’Entreprise) or NAF codé which identify the henchmen activity du your business. Each entreprise in france is categorized utilizing these codes, i beg your pardon consist of four digits et a letter.

Hiring employees

Employing workers is expensive in France. Si you want à take on employees be afflicted with in dérange that elle will ont to pay social charge for your employee in enhancement to auto social charges for your company. This method that you oui to pay employee a net salary concède a further 75% in employers’ and employees’ contributions (companies pay auto employee contributions).

Workers are well protected by labor regulation in France. Importer professional advice nous drawing increase employment contracts, functioning conditions, employed staff law, and the minimum wage in France.

Setting up année offshore company

If amie are considering setting up année offshore company, i.e. One that is registered, established, jaune incorporated outside du your country du residence, there are several principale pros et cons elle need venir bear in mind.

Offshore organization is a straightforward procedure in toutes les personnes of thé popular offshore financial centers et tax havens around thé world. They can carry out a large range du benefits to thé company et company principals.

How to prepare a français invoice (facture)

You need to include thé following information on her invoices in France:

date ns the invoice;date de service jaune sale;description du service or sale;price, any type of discounts;total quantity excluding vat (prix HT, hors tax), auto VAT (TVA) or couvert that tva not charged et total dollar price (TTC);client name and address;company name, société form (e.g., SARL);registered address;SIREN num (RCS si applicable).

Managing your accounts

Keep nous top de paperwork;Maintain business and personal account separate;Keep tous receipts;Have a separate banque account;Put de largent aside to pay tax, social charges and VAT (if applicable).

Voir plus: 8 377 Photos Et Image Du Chateau De Versaille S, Palace Of Versailles

Getting expert advice

It’s constantly a good idea to comprendre professional advice when you’re setting up a business. Année accountant (expert comptable) have the right to advise nous taxation, charges, the law, and any easily accessible rebates parce que le example. Find an accountantthrough the french accountants’ professional body the ‘l’Ordre des Expert-Comptables or locale Chamber de Commerce, or consider using année affiliated bookkeeping center. Si you want to set increase a limité company, consult a good notaire v Notaires aux France.

Useful contacts

Direccte (Directions région des entreprises, du la concurrence, du la consommation, du terrain et du l’emploi)INPI – the instaurant National de la immobilier Industrielle, which encounters trademarks, patents, designs, et company names.