Site Du Chateau De Versailles

In an age of pure monarchy, auto Château aux Versailles to be designed to dazzle. This awe-inspiring palace came to be Louis XIV"s showpiece, his symbol of power. After all, hey was auto "Sun King" about whom thé world revolved. His regime would end up being known oui Le énormément Siècle (The good Century).

Vous lisez ce: Site du chateau de versailles

Louis xiv spent end 50 year reconstructing, expanding, et embellishing auto country legacy that he inherited from his father, louis XIII. The original small château (a structure hunting lodge) at Versailles was ultimately transformed into Europe"s many magnificent palace.

*
Château du Versailles

To realize thé vision de Louis XIV, architect Louis ns Vau created a sleek neoclassical palace, while jules Hardouin-Mansart later on added thé sumptuous galerie des Glaces..The château exemplifies français Classicism and set the étendard for royal courts in thé 17th century.

The idyllic herbal setting de Versailles noted a beautiful backdrop pour the château but it likewise served autre purpose. Thé government administration and Court du nobles to be obliged à relocate indigenous Paris. Once courtiers arrived in Versailles, they were on Louis XIV"s turf, et the palace"s grandiosity reminded them de the king"s glory.

Successive majesties Louis XV et Louis XVI fabriquer their mark on auto Château ns Versailles v elegant Baroque and Rococo decor, ont well oui gorgeous gardens. The luxurious lifestyle and lavish divertissement that began during thé reign ns Louis xiv continued. However, the party ended with the français Revolution.

Today, auto 2,300-room Château aux Versailles is a UNESCO World héritage Site that uses a window into the dopuscule lifestyle du France"s Ancien Régime. Auto Domaine de the Château de Versailles covers end 800 hectares; this huge parkland is open up to the public. Much of the palace, including thé apartments ns the King et Queen, pouvez be visited de ticket holders.

You can reach Versailles from Paris par a combination du Métro and train, but a much more convenient method is venir join a full-day tour to Versailles from paris that includes direct transportation by autobus or minivan.

Note: some businesses peut être be temporary closed périmé to recent globale health et safety issues.


1. Hall of winter (Galerie des Glaces)

*
Hall of Mirrors (Galerie des Glaces)


The glittering lobby of winter is the most famed room du Versailles. Architect jules Hardouin-Mansart dreamy up a completely new and spectacular look parce que le this dazzling Baroque reception hall, created in between 1678 et 1684. Mansart prospered in achieving an ambience du grandeur the Louis avaler envisioned.

The 73-meter-long lobby is lined with 17 fixé ornamental mirrors, every in 18 segments. This articulations of more than 300 mirror segments create a highlight effect. The pièce sparkles v sunlight beginning through the windows and reflecting éteindre the mirrors. Extravagant decision chandeliers, gilded statues, and marvelous ceiling paintings ajouter to the grandeur.

Designed à impress, this hallway was the passage between the King"s et Queen"s apartments in the formidable Appartements. In this stunning hall, courtiers waited upon thé king et queen. Nous special occasions, the lobby of Mirrors was used pour ceremonies, balls, concerts, and diplomatic events.

In this historic hall, thé German empire was proclaimed in 1871 et the Treaty de Versailles to be signed in 1919. At one of two people end de the lobby of Mirror room two est différent magnificent halls: auto Salon aux Guerre (War Salon) with paintings depicting military victories and the Salon du Paix (Peace Salon) through a ceiling painting passant par Le Brun et portrait du Louis XVI passant par François Lemoyne.

The lobby of Mirrors faces the Parterre d"Eau (Water Parterres), the ornamental pools du the château"s officially gardens. Huge floor-to-ceiling windows ns the lobby of winter perfectly frame thé gardens.

For a important magical experience, visitors may attendre the Royal Serenade held in the collection des Glaces every Saturday night from mid juin through mid September. The royalistes Serenade recreates auto scene du a royal court ball, complete with really 17th-century costumes and entertainment performed par Compagnie de Danse l"Éventail dancers et Folies Françoises musicians.


2. King"s State Apartment (Grand Appartement du Roi)

*
King"s State Apartment (Grand Appartement du Roi) | Tilo 2007 / d’image modified


The King"s State Apartment includes the royal bedchamber et other private rooms that were open à the auditeur for tous les jours ceremonies et official meetings. Thé series of seven magasin (reception rooms) to be known oui "L"appartement aux parade" ("The parade apartment") because courtiers to walk through auto rooms every day conditions météorologiques their way venir chapel services.

The salons are named after mythological deities, making a connection between luigi XIV"s reign and the history de the ouest world.

Salon d"Hercule attributes one du the world"s largest ceiling paintings, The Apotheosis ns Hercules by François Lemoyne, oui well ont The enjoy the meal in the house of Simon, a masterpiece passant par Veronese given venir Louis XIV par the Venetian Republic.Salon de l"Abondance is decorated with plenty of precious objects et was where refreshments to be served for evening soirees.Salon du Vénus shows the original marble and faux marble decor (marble walls, classical columns, et statues) that Louis xiv favored venir reflect his power et glory.Salon ns Diane displays the painting de Diana at Versailles by Gabriel Blanchard et the bust de Louis XIV by Bernini.Salon de Mars is celebrated pour Charles les Brun"s painting, The Family du Darius before Alexander, created about 1665.Salon du Mercure attributes a renowned ceiling painting, Mercury on His chariot Drawn de Two Roosters, passant par Jean-Baptiste du Champaigne.Salon d"Apollon boasts a fabulous ceiling painting de Apollo in the chariot of the Sun par Charles de la Fosse. Over the fireplace is thé well-known portrait par Hyacinthe Rigaud of Louis avaler in his coronation habillé (a robe en vedette fleur-de-lys motif and trimmed with ermine).

3. Queen"s Apartment (Grand Appartement ns la Reine)

*
Queen"s Apartment (Grand Appartement de la Reine) | Julien LOZELLI / image modified


Arranged in thé same layout oui the King"s State Apartment, the Queen"s Apartment has actually a an ext feminine sensibility. Thé rooms room flowery and delicate in style. The decor has been kept since the time of Marie-Antoinette.

Chambre aux la Reine (Queen"s Bedroom): auto Queen"s Bedroom was created parce que le Queen maria Theresa et updated pour Marie-Antoinette. Rococo-style ceiling paints depict the four virtues du a queen: compassion, generosity, wisdom, et fidelity. Auto jewelry pièce to auto left of the bed to be a gift to Marie-Antoinette from the ville of parisien two years before the Revolution.Salon des Nobles: This salomé was reine Marie-Thérèse"s antechamber. Marie-Antoinette fully redecorated the room with damask wallpaper, mahogany furniture, et a bleu Turquin marble fireplace.Antichambre du Grand Couvert: In this sumptuous room, the king was offered his meals follow to strict protocols. The ritual was a destin of auditeur performance in which the royaliste Family would take their mise at auto table and once they to be seated, auto Duchesses, Princesses, et high-ranking persons to be allowed à sit down.Salle des gardes (Room du the Guards): This pièce has retained its 17th-century decor, including ceiling paints from thé time du Louis XIV. The Queen"s corps of 12 bodyguards remained in this room all day et night, à perform their duty of protecting thé Queen. On October 6th de 1789, one de Queen"s safety alerted Marie-Antoinette venir flee ont rioters to be trying to enter elle apartment.

This suite de rooms gives a glimpse du the private first (including the social events) ns the french Royal Family. This area ns the durablement is available only passant par taking a guided tour (not had in the défaut Palace ticket).

Chambre de Louis XV (Bedroom ns Louis XV): This Rococo-style room was designed passant par J.A. Gabriel in thé late 18th century. In this tranquil room, louis XV could relax and get far from auto ceremonial etiquette du the Court.

Voir plus: Carte Des Plages Du Var - Carte Des Plages Secrètes Du Var

Salle jusquà Manger des Retours ns Chasses (After-the-Hunt Dining Room): luigi XV hosted dinners oz or twice a week in this gilded room, inviting auto lords et ladies that accompanied him nous hunts. Many nobles sought this call invitation.Salle à Manger des Porcelaines (Porcelain Dining Room): louis XVI et Marie-Antoinette had actually their meals here, consisting of private dinners and official banquets. At Christmas time, Louis xvie presented gifts du Sèvres porcelain here (explaining the name ns the room).

5. Auto Gardens (Les Jardins)

*
Gardens du the intimement (Les Jardins) | Daniel Jolivet / photo modified


The masterwork ns 17th-century landscape designer André les Nôtre, these orderly gardens are an ext like a piece de artwork than a scene du nature. Perfectly trimmed shrubbery et tidy lawns room shaped in geometric patterns, properties of français formal gardens.

The sapin impression is made by the Parterre d"Eau (Water Parterres), two ornamental pools decorated v fountains and statues. Venir enhance thé garden"s visuellement effect, le Nôtre landscaped thé space in a symmetry fashion. This allowed for a scan view, thé Grande Perspective, which stretches from thé Parterre d"Eau venir the ruelle Royale along auto garden"s east-west axis.

Beyond the Parterres are les Allées, expansive pathways that invite visitors to take a stroll. Thé Allée royale (Royal Way) is additionally known oui the "Tapis Vert" ("Great Lawn") et leads to auto Bassin d"Apollon (Apollo"s Fountain), which functions Charles le Brun"s commemorated statue de Apollo (the sun god), thé emblem of Louis XIV.

Throughout the gardens are decorative pools and flower beds. There is also a vegetables garden and L"Orangerie where Louis avaler kept orange, lemon, oleander, et pomegranate tree during the winter. Built in 1663 passant par Louis le Vau, the Orangery encore houses fruit trees, some de which space over deux centuries old. During summertime, auto trees are brought out to thé Orangery parterre.

The timeless Colonnade designed par Mansart is one of the many peaceful areas de the park. Aside from that into thé park, Les Bosquets (Groves) are secluded backwoods areas. Si visiting throughout spring jaune summer, try to attendre à one du the musical fontaine concerts.


6. Dénormes Trianon & dil. Trianon Palaces

*
Grand Trianon & dil Trianon Palaces


The Grand Trianon is a marvelous neoclassical royal residence created parce que le the mistress de Louis XIV, Madame aux Montespan. Caractéristique a splendid peristyle de pink Languedoc marble, this exquisite royal residence was built between 1678 et 1688 par Jules Hardouin-Mansart et Robert aux Cotte.

The dénormes Trianon stands nous elegant increased terraces v colonnaded arcades that bring out the beauty of the pink marble. Thé building has deux wings, une was for Louis et the other for his mistress. Here, the king had a private space, cost-free from court etiquette.

The dénormes Trianon royal residence is surrounded by delightful Jardins à la Française (French Gardens) filled v orange blossoms, flowers, and well-groomed shrubbery. The gardens showcase a de nombreux of flower beds, planted with a vast variety ns blossoms, chosen à la their colorful colors et intoxicating fragrances.

The Petit Trianon at Versailles to be built by Jacques-Ange Gabriel in 1763 venir 1767 oui a retreat parce que le Louis XV et his mistress, auto Comtesse ns Barry. In 1774, Louis xb presented this lovely "little" palace venir his mam Marie-Antoinette, who redecorated the palace in her distinctive feminine style.

The dil. Trianon estate functions a lush English Garden (Jardin Anglais) landscaped in année unrestrained style that to be popular during Marie-Antoinette"s time. This romantic garden imitates nature with wandering paths, a tenderness flowing stream, waterfall, et grotto.

A highlight of devoir Trianon garden is auto Temple aux l"Amour (Temple de Love), a decorative structure built in 1778 the resembles année ancient Greek temple. Marie-Antoinette"s apartment looks out straight onto this monument.


7. Le Hameau de la Reine (The Queen"s Hamlet)

*
Le Hameau aux la Reine | David McSpadden / d’image modified


This little fantaisie hamlet was where Marie-Antoinette come to pour échapper à the formalities et politics du Court. Ornamental "country" villages were a nouveau feature ns estates in thé 18th century, revealing the conséquences sur of thinker Jean-Jacques Rousseau"s ideas around returning venir nature.

A grouper of half-timbered cottages (created in 1773) at thé Domaine de Chantilly was the extinction for Marie-Antoinette"s fabricated pastoral village at Versailles. About a one-hour périple away, Chantilly is one ns the dessus day trips from Paris and is precious a detour pour those interested in exploring un autre historic estate.

Constructed in between 1783 and 1786, thé Queen"s Hamlet is nestled on the edge ns the Château aux Versailles parkland. This enchanting model bourgade includes structures resembling a Normandy farmhouse and thatched-roof cottages, all surrounding a peaceful lake. Behind the contrefaçon rustic facades are luxurious interiors.

A watermill, dovecote, vegetables gardens, and orchards complete auto dreamy bucolic scene. Auto Queen"s Hamlet likewise maintained a functioning farm; a fishery through a jetty for boating on the lake; et a dairy, where Marie-Antoinette sampled assets from auto farm.

Marie-Antoinette hosted parties and informal société gatherings at thé hamlet. A billiards room, game room, dining room, and an enormous kitchen attest to thé entertaining that took place here. The reine also used the farm parce que le educational purposes, à teach elle children about the natural world.


8. Chapelle Royale

*
Chapelle Royale


The Chapelle royale at Versailles to be begun de Jules Hardouin-Mansart in 1699 and completed par Robert aux Cotte in 1710. This masterpiece ns Baroque architectural blends a Gothic-inspired exterior et stained-glass windows v a peaceful neoclassical nave. Suspended above soaring columns, the nave"s vaulted ceiling is adorned with superior paintings nous the theme of the holy Trinity.

Louis avaler used this exquisite chapel when cette was opened in 1710. Previously, he worshiped in a chapel nous the site de the Hercules salon. Every morning at 10am, the bas would attendre à mass. Thé gallery reserved parce que le the King et royal household is the one with a high Corinthian colonnade.

The royal Chapel is seulement un open venir the auditeur on guided tours, or parce que le concerts. Recitals de sacred musique are hosted here, such ont Bach"s fixed in E Minor, Handel"s Messiah, and Mozart"s Requiem. Many concert make use de the chapel"s splendid Clicquot organ.


9. Opéra Royal

*
Opéra royal | Tanya Hart / d’image modified


This glorious Opera loger is one of the most beautiful du its kind. Built by Jacques-Ange Gabriel parce que le Louis XV, auto auditorium to be completed in 1770 just before marriage of (the en vigueur King) louis XVI to Marie-Antoinette.

The Opera loger features a harmonious neoclassical colonnade of Ionic columns. Thé lavish interior is ornately decorated, v gilded bronze, marble, mirrors, et chandeliers.

The opéra Royal is seulement un accessible de taking a guided tour or passant par attending a performance. Thé Opera loger hosts année impressive calendar de events throughout thé year, including theater, opera, ballet, et music performances.


After auto 1830 Revolution, roi Louis-Philippe transformed part of the Château de Versailles right into a musée focused nous the history ns France. Louis-Philippe had assembled a circonscriptions of paintings, sculptures, and drawings that illustrate français history dating earlier to auto Crusades. Napoléon iii later added new acquisitions venir the collection related à 19th-century history.

The galerie Historiques display historical artifacts from specific time periods. An especially interesting, thé Salles des Croisades are specialized to thé history ns the crusades from auto 11th century through the 13th century.

Other notable galleries include thé Salle aux 1792, which spectacles the history ns the français Revolution v a series of paintings, and the Salles aux l"Empire, which commemorate auto achievements de Napoléon I.


Avoid the Crowds: venir at 10am avant the crowds show up or after 4:30pm once attendance beginning winding down. This is especially important on weekends.During High Season: In August, cette is advised à visit the super Appartements at 9pm or after 4:30pm venir avoid the crowds.Timing: plan to spend deux hours inside thé château. Si also visiting auto King"s private Apartment, remarque that auto guided tour takes about one hour et 30 minutes. Allow two hours in auto gardens and another deux hours to explorer the Trianon palaces and the Hamlet (the walk venir this area takes about 30 minutes from auto château).Tickets: Château ns Versailles offers various ticket options: thé "Palace ticket" contains entry to the hall of Mirrors, grand Appartement de Roi, and Grand Appartement ns la Reine. Thé "Trianon ticket" contains entry à the vaste Trianon located in thé gardens. Auto "Passport ticket" loption allows enntrance gate to the sights included in both auto "Palace ticket" et "Trianon ticket".Audio-Guide: thé Palace ticket includes an audio-guide tour (in 11 languages) consisted of in the price ns the ticket. Guided tours: To gain access to the King"s exclusive Apartment, the Opera house or the royalistes Chapel, visitors should take a guided tour. Over there are likewise guided tours ns the petit Trianon et the Hamlet ns Marie-Antoinette. Guided tours are in french only.Public Gardens: the grounds of the château, including thé gardens and the 800-hectare domaine of the estate, are open up to thé public; over there is no rejoindre fee.Garden Shows: throughout summertime there room two fountain shows: musical Fountains, set to thé rhythm de classical musique (Saturdays et Sundays from early célibataire through November 1st) et Night Fountains caractéristique colorful lighting, special intuitif effects, and fireworks (evenings from auto end of june through mid-September).

Voir plus: Lieux De Retraite Spirituelle En France, Retraites Spirituelles En Île

Dining at Versailles: Within thé premises ns the Château de Versailles are numerous dining options, including auto Grand café d"Orléans cafeteria and restaurant, et the renowned Angelina salon du thé (tea room), pâtisserie (pastry shop), et restaurant.